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期刊杂志

    百子莲属种质资源及园林开发应用

    关键词:园林植物;百子莲属;品种;育种;切花

    Key words:landscape plants; Agapanthus spp.; variety; breeding; cut flower

    摘要:介绍百子莲属植物的种与品种资源情况,对不同品种重要的观赏园艺性状进行了归纳整理,在总结国内外百子莲研究与开发应用现状的基础上,从品种引进、育种及栽培应用角度对未来国内百子莲开发应用提出建议:1)对引进百子莲进行种质提纯与无性扩繁,稳定性状,使栽培品种化;2)跟进国际新潮流,挖掘和培育百子莲新花色类型;3)对引进品种进行应用形式分类,研究并形成作切花、盆栽或绿化地被的品种配套的栽培技术,向种植专业化方向发展;4)建设百子莲品种资源圃,为今后国内百子莲品种开发、园林推广应用奠定基础。

    Abstract:The species and varieties in genus Agapanthus L. Her, especially the important ornamental characters were summarized in this paper. Based on browsing the research and application status, future directions referring to germplasm collection, breeding, cultivation and application were prospected: 1) purifying cultivated population and by use of asexual propagation to stabilize ornamental characters; 2) breeding new flower-color varieties such as pink flower; 3) researching cultivation technique of different varieties to be cut-flower, potted flower or cover flower etc.; 4) establishing China's own Agapanthus germplasm resources nursery to serve for the new-variety-breeding and landscape application.

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