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    文人山水园林的观照与流眄——基于《拙政园三十一景图册》的全景式复原

    关键词:风景园林;拙政园;明代绘画;观望方式;全景式复原

    Key words:landscape architecture; the Humble Administrator's Garden; Ming Dynasty painting; visual pattern; panorama recovery

    摘要:中国传统文人山水画中的视觉经验是园林创作的基础之一,文人在园林绘画创作中从多重角度对园林的观照,是文人山水审美的综合呈现,也是产生园林空间和意境的起点。文章基于明代吴门画派领袖文徵明的园林绘画作品中呈现的文人视角,应用现代数字技术手段,针对《拙政园三十一景图册》中的作品进行了园林空间分析、视觉经验总结及景点路径复原,并生成了明代拙政园全景式画卷,试图追溯东方古典山水艺术的视觉思维与园林境域观望的一致性。

    Abstract:The visual sense of traditional Chinese literati landscape painting is one of the foundations of Chinese garden creation, and in the painting the literati painters created multiple perspectives of landscape, which is not onlythe comprehensive presentation of literati aesthetics, but also the starting point of the garden space and artistic prospect. Based on the literati perspective of Wen Zhengming who was the Wu School leaderin Ming Dynasty, and by means of modern digital technology, the author wishes to achieve the work of garden space analysis, visual sense summary and scenery path recovery for Thirty-one Scenery of the Humble Administrator's Garden, aiming for the garden panoramic painting recovery, which could attempt to explore the consistency of visual sense and pattern between the oriental classical landscape art and garden.

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