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    中国传统庭院空间构成要素解析

    关键词:风景园林;庭院空间;构成要素;边界;独立

    Key words:landscape architecture; courtyard space; constituent element; border; independent

    摘要:庭院作为一种建筑空间形态,蕴涵着传统的价值和文化内涵。从庭院空间边界要素:墙、门、门窗、檐廊、柱廊、影壁、水面、铺地以及独立要素:山石、植物、亭、廊等构成要素的层次特征出发,逐一分解,探讨边界要素在庭院空间设计中不可或缺的作用;针对传统庭院空间布局,总结中国传统庭院的空间组合与布局、建筑形制与构造、景观构筑与排列的具体符号表达与存在方式,尝试在研究与学习的角度上,对现代空间景观设计的文化深意及中国特色的建筑创作方面有所裨益。

    Abstract:Courtyard, as a building form of space, contains the traditional values and cultural connotations. In this paper, the integral role of boundary elements in courtyard design is discussed and analyzed one by one from the layer features of the courtyard space boundary elements of wall, door, window, eaves gallery, colonnade, screen wall, water surface, flooring, as well as independent elements of rock, plant, pavilion, and corridor. As to the traditional courtyard space layout, the specific symbolic expressions and existence states of the spatial organization and layout, architectural form and structure, and landscape construction and arrangement of Chinese traditional courtyard are summarized. From the perspective of research and study, it is expected to benefit the modern space landscape design with profound cultural meaning and architectural creation with Chinese characteristics.

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