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期刊杂志

    从乡居到乡愁——文化人类学视野下中国乡土景观的认知概述

    关键词:风景园林;文化人类学;乡土景观;乡土建筑;乡村聚落;文献综述

    Key words:landscape architecture; Cultural Anthropology; vernacular landscape; vernacular architecture; rural settlement; literature review

    摘要:乡土景观是地域性生活方式在大地上的显现。基于文化人类学视角对农耕时代、转型期和城镇化时期3个历史阶段乡土景观的认知分析,认为乡土景观概念的内涵和外延是文化变迁的时代映射,即异质文化影响下的融合渗透。厘清乡土景观认知的演化路径和内在规律,有助于新型城镇化下传统村镇的活化与复兴。

    Abstract:Vernacular landscape is a land expression of regional life styles. After analyzing the cognition of cultivation period, transition period and urbanization period from the aspect of Cultural Anthropology, the paper safely draws that the definition and extension of vernacular landscape is an epoch reflection of cultural development, that is to say, the vernacular landscape is a compromise and fertilization with the influence of heterogeneous culture. To clarify the evolution paths and laws of vernacular landscape cognition would promote the activation and revival of Traditional villages and towns in the background of new urbanization.

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