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    传统聚落景观基因编码与派生模型研究——以楠溪江风景名胜区为例

    关键词:风景园林;景观基因;信息编码;文化派生;楠溪江

    Key words:landscape architecture; landscape gene; information coding; cultural derivation; Nanxi River

    摘要:随着中国现代化和城乡一体化建设步伐的不断加快,地域个性缺失、形象趋同等问题逐渐成了地域文化多样化发展的瓶颈,乡土景观的生存面临着严重的威胁。景观基因蕴含着地域发展过程中的地理环境、历史文化及艺术价值等多种信息,对乡土景观风貌起决定作用。主要从景观基因的基本单位、内部结构及演变机制3个层面探究乡土景观的历史演变过程,并以楠溪江古村落群为例构建景观基因模型,探讨以景观基因的方式寻求文化传承与时代发展的结合点。

    Abstract:With the accelerating paces of China's modernization and urban-rural integration, the issues such as the lack of regional characteristics and familiar image have gradually become the bottleneck of the diversified development of vernacular culture. The survival of vernacular landscape is facing a serious threat. Landscape genes contain a variety of information, such as the geographical environment, historical culture and artistic value in regional development, which plays a decisive role in vernacular landscape characteristics. This paper mainly explores the historical evolution of vernacular landscape from three aspects, the basic unit, the internal structure and the evolution mechanism of landscape gene, and takes the ancient village group in Nanxi River as an example to build landscape genetic model, aiming to seek the junction between culture inheritance and modern development by the method of landscape gene.

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