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    文化景观的内涵与要素——以普洱景迈山古茶林为例

    关键词:风景园林;文化景观;世界遗产;内涵;构成要素;景迈山古茶林

    Key words:landscape architecture; cultural landscape; World Heritage; concept; component element; Ancient Tea Forests of Jingmai Mountain

    摘要:探讨了地理学语境和世界遗产语境下文化景观概念的发展,指出作为世界遗产的文化景观构成要素可分为表象要素、内在要素和关键技术三大部分。表象要素包括整体景观和载体景观,以物质性实体居多,是文化景观的外在表现,具有较强的地域性和特色性,难以复制;内在要素包括相应的生态伦理、生态智慧、地方文化等,是非物质的精神、理念和内涵所在,往往体现人类普适价值观,可以被进一步继承和弘扬。关键技术则是联系两者的纽带,是内在要素作用于表象要素的实现方式和手段。对文化景观的理解和保护利用,必须以文化景观表象要素的保护为基础,挖掘其关键技术,认识其深刻内涵,重视文化景观内在要素的现代应用以及对生态文明、可持续发展的启示意义。此外,还需要站在国际视野上认识、传播和弘扬中国本土文化景观的独特价值,探索具有中国特色的文化景观发展之路。

    Abstract:This paper discusses the development of the concept of cultural landscape in the context of human geography as well as World Heritages, points that the elements of cultural landscape can be divided into three parts, representative element, inherent element and key technologies. Representative element includes peculiar integral and componential landscape, mainly material entities, and it is the external representation of the cultural landscape, with strong regionalism and characteristics, which is hard to reappear. Inherent element, the carrier of the spirit, ideas and connotation of intangible, is related to universal ecological ethics, techniques and cultures, reflects the universal human values, can be inherited. Key technologies is the link between representative and inherent elements, and is the way which the former acting on the latter. Understanding and utilizing the concept of cultural landscape, we should fully understand the concept of cultural landscape and explore its intrinsic value. Moreover, we need to recognize, explain and spread the unique value of China's cultural landscapes from an international perspective, so as to establish an effective protection system with Chinese characteristics, based on both representative and inherent elements of cultural landscape.

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