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    健康视角下城市绿色开放空间研究——健康效用及设计应对

    关键词:风景园林;城市绿色开放空间;公共健康;自然治疗;体力活动;社会资本

    Key words:landscape architecture; urban green open space; public health; natural healing; physical activity; social capital

    摘要:作为城市里的第二自然,绿色开放空间的物质空间形态对于公共健康有直接影响,然而目前有关公共健康的研究主要集中在医学及卫生学领域。基于此,试图通过基础的城市绿色开放空间的健康效用的研究来建立健康与设计的联系。首先对健康的概念进行梳理,然后从生理、心理、社会3个健康角度分析城市绿色开放空间对于健康的作用,其次通过自然康复治疗效用,体力活动的促进,社会资本的积累3个方面,对其健康作用的过程进行分析,最后结合实例具体提出了视觉接触、直接接触、主动参与3个设计应对,以促进未来绿色开放空间设计对于健康的提升。

    Abstract:As a type of semi-nature space, urban green open space has a pretty close relationship with public health. Design of urban green open space could have a direct impact on human health. However, most studies on health and green opens space are conducted in separated field and lack of systematic and holistic studies on health benefits and process of green open space, which hinders translating the knowledge into the design. Firstly, there's a strong evidence that the green open space could improve physical and psychological, social health benefits. Then, the authors analyzed the causes and process of the health benefits through three mechanisms as promoting physical activities, natural therapeutic power and accumulating social capital. Accordingly, three design and planning strategies based on the findings were put forward in order to make green open space more beneficial for health.

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