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期刊杂志

    美国首都华盛顿城市规划的景观格局

    关键词:风景园林;华盛顿特区;城市规划;绿色核心;景观格局;纪念性景观集群

    Key words:landscape architecture; Washington, D.C.; city plan; green core; landscape pattern; memorial group

    摘要:包括朗方规划和麦克米伦规划在内的一系列城市规划奠定了美国首都华盛顿的城市景观发展基础。这些城市规划确立了华盛顿特区“绿色核心”型国都城市格局,形成了华盛顿特区用绿色的景观轴统领国都城市结构的特点。这些规划所安排的林荫大道和大面积绿地,不仅塑造了良好的城市形象,而且为华盛顿核心区域形成纪念性景观集群以及其他文化设施集群创造了良好的条件。源于这些规划而形成的景观格局,可为今后的国都城市建设提供有益的启迪和借鉴。

    Abstract:A series of city plans, including L'Enfant Plan and McMillan Plan, had laid the foundation for landscape development in the US capital, Washington, D.C. These city plans established the "green core" pattern of the capital city of Washington, D.C., formed the characteristic of the capital city's structure with the green axis. The boulevard and the large area of green space that those plan had arranged, not only shaped a pleasant scenery of the capital, but also created available conditions for the forming of memorial group and other cultural facilities group in the core area of Washington, D.C. landscape pattern derived from these plans gives enlightenments and references for the construction of capital cities in the future.

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