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    居住区水景使用后评价(POE)及水景设计改进策略研究

    关键词:风景园林;水景设计;居住区;运营现状;使用后评价;相关分析;问卷调查

    Key words:landscape architecture; waterscape design; residential area; application status; post-occupancy evaluation; correlation analysis; questionnaire survey

    摘要:从使用者的角度研究居住区水景设计的合理性。以佛山居住区为例,采用问卷调查法研究水景建成后的使用现状和居民对居住区水景的使用后评价,并利用SPSS软件对水景各因子与满意度进行相关分析。结果显示:1)佛山居住区水景水质尚可(3.44/5分),水景干涸率较高且干涸时的景观效果较差(2.26/5分),动态水景开启率较低;2)居民对水景的总体满意度尚可(3.64/5分),形式美感度偏低(2.99/5分),最多人喜欢动态溪流,最看重水景观赏功能,但也有28.6%的人看重水的风水寓意;3)居民入住后水景管理水平整体呈下降的趋势;4)居民希望在水景的水质保持、安全防护等方面得到改进;5)对总体满意度影响最大的是形式美感和水质。最终根据调查评价结果,尝试提出居住区水景设计的改进策略。

    Abstract:It is a new perspective to study the rationality of waterscape design in residential areas from the angle of users. Questionnaire survey was used to conduct an investigation of complete waterscape in residential areas in Foshan, mainly contain the application status and residents' post-occupancy evaluation of waterscape in residential areas. SPSS was used in correlation analysis of several waterscape factors and the total satisfaction score. The results show that: 1) Water quality was acceptable (3.44/5), but dry-up rate was high, and the landscape effect of dried waterscape gained a low score (2.26/5), and the open rate of dynamic waterscape was very low; 2) The total satisfaction were acceptable (3.64/5), but the visual beauty of waterscapes was not desirable (2.99/5), most people prefer dynamic stream, Ornamental function acquired most importance, but Feng Shui meaning of waterscape also acquired attention of 1/3 people; 3) Waterscape management level showed a downward trend after residents moved in; 4) Residents showed expectation on the maintenance of water quality and safety protection; 5) Two factors of waterscape that showed greatest impact on the overall satisfaction were the visual beauty and water quality. Finally, improvement strategies were put forward according to above results.

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