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    基于Q方法的城市公园生态服务使用者感知研究——以上海黄兴公园为例

    关键词:风景园林;城市公园;生态服务;使用者感知;Q方法;黄兴公园;上海

    Key words:landscape architecture; urban park; eco-service; user perception; Q Method; Huangxing Park; Shanghai

    摘要:研究使用者对城市公园生态服务的感知,对实现公园生态功能与服务价值的高效整合具有重要的指导意义。以上海黄兴公园为例,采用Q方法,通过使用者对Q命题的排序对生态服务进行主观评价,分析了使用者的感知类型及其特征、生态服务的评价及其类型组合。研究结果表明,使用者的感知类型主要有4类:安静氛围享受型、亲子游乐与团体活动型、亲友聚会型,以及环境美学欣赏型;不同感知类型的使用者的生态服务评价存在明显差异;净化空气、减弱噪声、美学欣赏和舒缓康复的实效性最强。

    Abstract:It is essential to explore the user perception on eco-service for the efficient combination of the ecological functions and values. The research takes Huangxing Park in Shanghai as a case study to analyze the user types and characteristics, as well as the valuation on eco-service and the combination types. Q method was used as an approach to translate the concept of eco-service to the sorting of the well-formed and understandable statements. Four main user profiles were presented as "quite atmosphere lover", "kids play or activities in groups", "recreation with family and friends", along with "environmental aesthetic appreciator". The perceptions on eco-service were different between user types. Overall the air control, noise reduction, aesthetic appreciation, as well as spirit restoration were the most valued in landscape performance.

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