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    注重心灵感知的儿童康复景观设计

    关键词:风景园林;康复景观设计;儿童心理学;环境心理学;感官设计

    Key words:landscape architecture; rehabilitation landscape design; children's psychology; environmental psychology; sensory design

    摘要:康复景观并不是新名词,从古希腊的睡眠花园到中世纪的修道院花园,都是精心设计的自然景观,是帮助患者康复的重要手段。自然环境对人类身心的益处不胜枚举,对儿童健康更有着不可小觑的影响。然而,随着医疗技术的发展,医院的规划与设计往往只聚焦于医疗设备、建筑单体及其室内环境而忽略了室外环境。儿童患者不同于成人,其对环境的感知和需求更为敏感和特殊。通过研究儿童,尤其是儿童病患成长中的心理特征和对环境的需求,结合国际优秀案例对儿童康复景观设计进行归纳总结。

    Abstract:Rehabilitation landscape is not a new term. From the sleeping gardens of ancient Greece to Cloister Garden in Middle Ages, natural landscapes have always been used for healing. Numerous studies have shown that nature environments have positive impact on health, especially for children. However, along with the development of medical technology, hospital planning turned to focus only on medical equipment, architecture design and interior environment and neglect the outside environment. Children are different from adults,and their perception and needs with nature are more sensitive and special. By studying children's psychological characteristics, needs with their environment, and three case studies, this articlesummarizes and concludes design properties and suggestions for Children's therapeutic landscape.

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