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    景观方法论

    关键词:风景园林;景观的方法;自下而上的设计;基于过程的设计;综合的整体设计

    Key words:landscape architecture; landscape approaches; bottom-up design; process-based design; integrative design

    摘要:从分析借用建筑的方法进行景观规划和设计的弊端出发,指出依据景观特点,发展属于景观自身所特有的设计语言和方法的重要性和必要性。通过将生态学作为景观方法的创造力和想象力的源泉及重要的技术手段,同时结合相关理论和案例,从自下而上的设计、基于过程的设计、综合的整体设计和创新与再生的设计4个方面探讨了景观方法的策略和途径,为当今景观及其他相关设计领域在理论与实践方面的发展提供新思路。

    Abstract:By analyzing the drawbacks of borrowing architecture approaches towards landscape design and planning, this essay points out the importance and necessity to develop unique design language and methodology for landscape approaches based on landscape's own characteristics. By using ecology both as creative, imaginative source and important technical tools, while combined with related theory and case studies, this essay then proposes four aspects of bottom-up design, process-based design, integration of the holistic design, generative and regeneration design as starting point to discuss the strategies and methods of landscape approaches, to provide a new way of thinking to advance landscape architecture both in theory and practice.

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