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    基于园林造景的水生植物应用关键技术解析

    关键词:园林植物;水生植物;水深梯度配置;水际线配置;园林应用

    Key words:landscape plants; aquatic plants; water depth gradient arrangement; water line arrangement; landscape application

    摘要:水生植物是园林植物中一个很重要的类群,兼具观赏、净化水质、增加生物多样性等功能,是营造园林和湿地景观不可缺少的植物材料。从园林造景角度,对水生植物的概念进行了辨析,列举了生活型和观赏部位2种分类方法。结合研究和工程实践,提出了水深适应性、水际线、复生、设计密度、设计规格等概念,从种类选择、水深梯度配置、水际线处理、种植季节选择、种植密度选择6个方面,系统阐述了水生植物的园林应用关键技术,旨在提升水生植物在园林造景应用中的科学性水平,促进水生植物在园林景观中的普及和推广。

    Abstract:Aquatic plants are one of the important populations of landscape plant, with ornamentation, water purification, increasing bio-diversity and other functions, and are indispensable plant materials for landscaping and wetland construction. In the landscape application view, the definition of aquatic plant was discussed and they were classified according to their life form, ornamental parts and application site in plant arrangement. Concluded from engineering practice, several terms, including water depth adaptation, water line, demutation, design density and design specification, were proposed. 9 key techniques involved species selection, water depth gradient arrangement, water line arrangement, planting season selection, planting density selection, seedling breeding, seedling planting, water level and water flow management, pest-disease control, were analyzed in detail, so as to improve the scientific level of landscape application of aquatic plants and to promote their popularization in landscape.

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