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    风景园林教育层次定位与发展的思考

    关键词:风景园林;风景园林教育;层次;学科专业;发展策略

    Key words:landscape architecture; landscape architecture education; level; discipline specialty; development strategy

    摘要:在建设高水平大学的趋势下思考风景园林教育的发展是广大学者的共识,风景园林教育需要高层次、领军型人才,需要高水平科研成果,需要建设一流高校和一流学科专业,但同时风景园林教育需要面向未来、面向环境、面向行业基本需要与可持续发展。在众多目标下如何解决不同层次高校风景园林教育发展和学科专业建设问题将是本文重点。我们的风景园林教育面临选择与放弃,一流高校和一流学科专业建设与普通高校学科专业生存发展都需要关注。从层次教育和生存发展视角分析我国风景园林教育现状,结合区域风景园林发展需求提出不同层次高校风景园林教育发展定位的思考。

    Abstract:The development of landscape architecture education under the trend of building high-level universities is the consensus of the majority of scholars. Landscape architecture education needs high-level and leading talents, high-level scientific research results, first-class universities and first-class disciplines. Landscape architecture education need to face the future, face the environment, face the basic needs of industry and sustainable development. How to solve the problems of the development of landscape architecture education and the discipline construction in universities of different levels under the many goals will be the focus of this paper. Our landscape architecture education is faced with choice and abandonment, and the construction of first-class universities and first-class disciplines and the survival and development of disciplines and specialties of ordinary colleges and universities all need attention. This paper analyzes the status quo of landscape education in China from the perspective of leveled education and survival development, and puts forward the development orientation of landscape architecture education in universities at different levels according to the development demand of regional landscape architecture.

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