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期刊杂志

    文人理想与现实的激荡——管窥晚明园林设计的转型

    关键词:风景园林;艺术审美;古典园林;山水画;转型

    Key words:landscape architecture; aesthetic appreciation of art; classical garden; landscape painting; transformation

    摘要:从明末出现的文人画论出发,引出此时期园林受山水审美的变化而产生的设计转型问题。通过对历史遗存下来的早期园林的记载,以及对园林形态改变的比对,指出明末是中国园林史上重要的转型时期。在这个阶段中国园林出现了大量不同以往而又影响深远的形态变化,并揭示出这种变化背后所隐藏的更深层次的文化改变。阐明这种变化的根源是知识分子内心理想与现实的冲突映射到了园林艺术当中,并与社会环境现实相结合,共同促进了园林艺术的发展。

    Abstract:From the late Ming literati paintings, the paper introduced the transformation of this period garden landscape changes in taste and design. Based on historical remains of early garden records, as well as the comparison of landscape pattern changes, it was pointed out that the end of the Ming Dynasty was an important transitional period of the history of Chinese gardens. In this stage, a large number of Chinese gardens had been different from the past and had the profound changes in morphology, and the paper revealed the hidden and deeper cultural changes behind these changes. The root of this change was the conflict between the inner ideal and the reality of the intellectuals, which was combined with the social environment to promote the development of the garden art.

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