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    城市菜地与社区建设——英国份地制度及其启示

    关键词:风景园林;英国份地;邓迪市;社区建设;管理构架

    Key words:landscape architecture; the Allotment in UK; Dundee; community construction; management framework

    摘要:通过阐述和分析不同时期英国份地的定义和发展历程,结合其历史性兴衰,总结出份地发展的时代特征、功能和法律地位。并以英国邓迪市为例,调研了邓迪市份地发展的现状、份地类型与供需变化,结合实例分析其一般管理架构和对新型管理模式的尝试,总结了邓迪市份地的发展趋势。最后通过探讨邓迪市份地的复兴和发展,探究其对我国城市发展与社区建设的启示与思考,特别是创新管理模式、缓解城市用地矛盾以及建设都市环保菜园和农园的借鉴意义。

    Abstract:It elaborated definition and development process of allotment in UK. Combined with the rise and fall periods in different times, the paper summarized the development characteristics and the functions of allotment. And then taking Dundee as an example, it researched into the status quo, management structure and trends of allotment in Dundee. Finally, the discussion of the revival and development of allotment in Dundee illuminated the reflection and enlightenment of community and city construction in China, for innovative management modes, relieving urban land use conflicts, and constructing urban ecological gardens and farms.

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