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    寒地城市哈尔滨的城市色彩特征研究

    关键词:风景园林;城市色彩;寒地城市;快速城镇化;哈尔滨

    Key words:landscape architecture; urban color; cold city; rapid urbanization; Harbin

    摘要:采用城市色彩定量分析和比较的研究方法,使用以GB/T 18922—2008《中国颜色体系》为基础的《中国建筑色卡》作为记录和分析色彩数据的基本工具,研究寒地城市哈尔滨的景观色彩特征,并从严寒气候特征、历史文脉和快速城镇化等因素出发,综合分析城市色彩的形成原因。研究结果表明,哈尔滨的城市主色调以稳重温和的淡黄色与现代感的暖灰色为主,寒地地理环境导致建筑立面色彩更加温暖明亮,俄式建筑风格及相关宗教文化,以及快速城镇化城市建设的转型也影响了城市色彩特色的形成。

    Abstract:This paper uses quantitative analysis approach of urban color and the comparative study method, using China Color System National Technical Standards (GB/T15608-1995) and China Building Color Card as a basic tool for recording and analysis of urban color information. This paper researches on landscape color characteristics of cold city Harbin. Taking seasonal characteristics, urban historical context, rapidly urbanization as the impact factors, this paper analyzes formation causes of cold city Harbin's urban color. The research results indicate that, the main mass-tone attunes of Harbin city are moderate light yellow and modern warm gray, and the building facade of chroma and lightness is significantly higher. This color tendency may be due to the geographical environment. These reasons lead building facade to warmer and brighter color in order to enrich people's psychological feeling. At the same time, the influence of Russian culture and Orthodox architectural style is also the vital reason for the formation of Harbin urban color characteristics. Today, Harbin is experiencing rapid urbanization; high-rise building and the impact of the new materials of traditional urban color should be controlled through the urban color planning and urban design to protect the local color feature

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