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    景观空间生产研究——逻辑、机制与实践

    关键词:风景园林;景观;空间生产;列斐伏尔;哈维;机制;差异性;社会公平

    Key words:landscape architecture; landscape; spatial production; Lefebvre; Harvey; mechanism; differentiation; social equity

    摘要:近年来,景观空间逐渐成为中国空间规划冲突与协调的焦点,学界也逐渐开始关注景观空间的资本运营。首先介绍了列斐伏尔“空间生产”思想理论缘起与脉络;其次,从人与自然关系的政治经济逻辑、空间生产的机制、注重差异性和社会公平的创造性实践3个层面梳理了“空间生产”思想的基本内容,界定“景观空间生产”概念并归纳6个主要研究议题;最后运用宏观经济数据初步分析了我国景观空间生产实践,表明其受政策驱动的特征及其经济周期性的特点。旨在呼吁景观学界加强对资本全球化扩张过程中负面效应的关注,倡导通过“生态—政治”辩证思维方法提升景观规划的执行力和可操作性。

    Abstract:The landscape space has gradually become the key point of the conflict and cooperation in space planning while the academic circle has begun to pay more attention to the capital operation of landscape space. This paper first reviewed Lefebvre's "production of space" theory. Secondly, it organized the main content of "space production" ideology by three aspects: the political and economic logic between human and nature, spatial production mechanism and the creative practice which promoting differentiations and social justice. The preliminary definition of the core content of the "Landscape Space Production" was made, and it summarized six main research topics. Finally, this article analyzed the Chinese landscape production practice by macroeconomic data analysis, indicating that the production of landscape space is driven by politics accompanied with economic cyclical feature. This research advocates to alleviate the negative impact of capital globalization expansion and enhance execution and operability by "Ecology-Politics" method during landscape planning.

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