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    风景感知-空间建构-生境营造——建筑类院校风景园林专业植物教学研究

    关键词:风景园林;风景感知;空间建构;生境营造;花园实践

    Key words:landscape architecture; scenery component perception; space construction with plants; habitat site design; garden plantation practice

    摘要:西安建筑科技大学风景园林专业教育总结多年来持续探索适应背景的风景园林植物教学经验。新一轮教学研究提出将植物内容贯穿于主干设计课程序列的思路。教学实践从设计基础阶段开始,建立“风景感知-空间建构-生境营造”环节,以设计训练和运用方法引导学生学习相关知识,认知植物的作用。同时,风景园林植物专题课程系列探讨从整体认知和设计问题视角拓展理论知识教学,依托2个实验花园开展“植物与生境”实践教学。

    Abstract:Developed from Architecture education background, the Landscape Architecture education and courses in Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology (XAUAT) has explored the courses series of planting design trainning and associated plants ID, for many years. The newly proposed teaching research and practice plan put that planting design is trained by the stem courses series of planning & design. From the first design course of "Introductory Landscape Architecture Studio", planting design and were trainded in every step of design practice course. Design thinking training steps of "landscape perception", "spatial construction", "habitat site design" is proposed to undersand the "time thinking and space thinking" of plants in site design. To creat the scenery and the perception, as the design objectives, the role and functions of plants, guiding and inspired the passion to absorb the related plants knowledge in order to reach the landscape design. The Planning & design problems of human settlement in the Northwest of China is discussed in the plants ID and design series courses, leading the overall perspective of plants knowledge and planting design theory. A whole year of plantation practice in two gardens, including planting design and horticultural management, helps to understand the relationship between plants, site habitat and landscape design method.

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