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    浅析江南古典园林空间的微气候营造——以瞻园为例

    关键词:风景园林;微气候;瞻园;江南古典园林;空间形态;气候适应性

    Key words:landscape architecture; micro-climate; Zhan Garden; Jiangnan classical garden; space form; climate adaptability

    摘要:以瞻园为例,探究江南古典园林空间中,与微气候环境密切相关的风速、温度、湿度等一系列气象元素的分布情况。在遵循气候适应性理念基础上,研究并归纳各要素密度、布局形式以及要素间的组合方式与冬季增温、避风、增湿,夏季降温、通风等微气候营造的关系,从而更加科学地解读传统私家造园对微气候环境优化和改善的具体理法,尤其为夏热冬冷地区城市小尺度开放空间的布局设计及空间组织提供设计策略和科学依据。

    Abstract:This study takes Zhan Garden as an example to research the climate factors including wind speed, air temperature, and humidity in the space of Jiangnan classical garden. The paper researches and summarizes the quantitative relationships between the micro-climate construction and landscaping design factors in the perspective of density, combination mode, and layout pattern to provide a more scientific understanding of the traditional private gardening methods on the aspects of optimizing and improving the micro-climate, such as increasing the temperature, reducing the wind speed in winter, increasing the humidity, reducing the temperature, being well ventilated in summer and so on. Moreover, the work of this investigation makes it possible to offer the design strategy and reference to urban small-scale open space design on layout and spatial organization, especially in the hot-summer and cold-winter zone.

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