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    从景观视角解读苏黎世动物园对四大功能的塑造

    关键词:风景园林;动物园;苏黎世动物园;四大功能;沉浸式

    Key words:landscape architecture; zoo; Zurich Zoo; four functions; immersion

    摘要:从景观的视角解读苏黎世动物园对移地保护、科普教育、科学研究、休闲娱乐四大功能的塑造,针对“沉浸式”动物园景观规划体现出的移地保护举措、多方位展示性思维实现的科普教育、科普教育无缝链接的科学研究、亲自然与人性化设计为游客提供的休闲娱乐等方面展开论述。研究发现苏黎世动物园的移地保护在景观形态上具有高仿性,在保护策略上具有延伸性;科普教育具有全面、形象与多样性;科学研究能够与科普教育较好地结合;休闲娱乐具备生态化、趣味化、人性化的特点,这些品质使苏黎世动物园成为欧洲最好的动物园之一。通过实地调查、文献研究、归纳推理等方法,试图对中国动物园的景观规划设计及管理改造提供一定的启示。

    Abstract:This article discusses the four functions of Zurich Zoo from the perspective of landscape architecture, which contains ex-situ conservation, science education, scientific research, and entertainment. The issue is considered about that, "immersion" zoo landscape planning reflecting the shift of land protection initiatives, multi-faceted show thinking to achieve science education, science education seamless linking of scientific research, pro-nature and humanized design offering visitors entertainment. The study finds that in Zurich Zoo, ex-situ conservation has a high imitation of the landscape form, with extension on protection strategies; science education is comprehensive image and diversity; science can be combined with better science education; entertainment is eco-oriented, interesting and humanized. With these features, Zurich Zoo has become one of Europe's best zoos. Through field surveys, literature research, inductive reasoning and other methods, enlightenment is expected for the zoo in China about the landscape planning and design, management and transformation.

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