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    基于城市形态学的文化景观利用强度评估与保护管理策略制定——以庐山牯岭镇为例

    关键词:风景园林;文化景观;城市形态学;康泽恩学派;牯岭镇;利用强度分析

    Key words:landscape architecture; cultural landscape; urban morphology; Conzenian School; Kuling Town; utilization intensity

    摘要:文化景观是人类文化与自然环境作用的累积结果,维持人地关系的可持续性是文化景观遗产保护的核心任务。以世界遗产文化景观遗产地庐山牯岭镇为例进行探讨。在划定了保护管理单元的基础上,结合城市形态学康泽恩学派的理论框架和分析方法,进一步划定评估单元,采用定性与定量分析相结合的方式对牯岭镇的利用强度进行评估,并从多尺度制定牯岭镇文化景观的保护管理策略。结果显示,应注重城镇不同部分之间的有机联系,并通过多层级的保护管理单元对牯岭镇的形态要素进行保护管理。

    Abstract:Cultural landscape is the accumulation of the interaction between human culture and natural environment. As for heritage conservation, maintaining the precious man-land relationship of cultural landscape is the main goal. This paper explores this challenge based on the case study of Kuling Town in Lushan, a World Heritage Cultural Landscape site. On the basis of the demarcation of protection and management units, the theoretical framework and analytical approach of Conzenian School of urban morphology are adopted to measure the utilization intensity of Kuling Town both qualitatively and quantitatively. The strategies for protection and management of Kuling Town are made from the perspective of different scales. The organic connection of different parts of this historical town should be emphasized. The morphological elements of Kuling Town should be protected through a hierarchy of protection and management units.

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