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    数字化遗产景观——澳大利亚巴拉瑞特城市历史景观数字化实践及其创新性

    关键词:国家自然科学基金项目(编号51608369)和2015同济大学青年优秀人才培养行动计划(编号2015KJ026)共同资助

    Key words:landscape architecture; heritage landscape; digitisation; Historic Urban Landscape; Ballarat

    摘要:创新性地利用数字技术保护和管理遗产景观是当代风景园林界和遗产界的热点。澳大利亚巴拉瑞特市系统应用了“城市历史景观”方法指导数字化遗产景观档案建设,具有创新性。从遗产保护与发展的视角对其中2个代表性项目——“巴拉瑞特城市历史景观网”和“巴拉瑞特可视化地理信息数据库”进行全面分析,指出其数字化遗产景观档案建设的四大创新思路:突破遗产固有价值,坚持以地方群体价值为本;以遗产知识传播为目标,强调建档过程开放化;重视对非物质文化遗产的创新性表达;数据采集范围拓展到遗产景观之外。最后总结了对该领域未来研究的启示。

    Abstract:Innovative application of digital technologies in heritage landscape conservation and management has become a key topic in contemporary landscape architecture and cultural heritage fields. The City of Ballarat has systematically applied the Historic Urban Landscape method to guide digital documentation practices for heritage landscapes, which has certain creativity. From the perspective of conservation and development, this article examines two representative projects in Ballarat – "Ballarat Historic Urban Landscape" website and "Visualising Ballarat" online GIS database. Some innovative approaches were identified. Firstly, in addition to the intrinsic value of heritage landscapes, local communities' values on heritage landscapes were concerned as the essential object in digital documentation practices; secondly, aiming at the communication of heritage knowledge, digital documentation was designed as an open-ended process rather than a result; thirdly, the representation of intangible cultural heritage was emphasised in these projects; lastly, the scope of data collection was expanded from urban heritage landscapes to a broader urban context. The conclusion provides some implications for future research.

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