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    虚与实在园林植物空间营造中的诠释

    关键词:园林植物;虚实;植物空间;空间组合;空间布局

    Key words:landscape plants; virtual and actual; plant space; space combination; spatial layout

    摘要:营造空间是园林设计的根本目的,植物则是其中最为活跃、最难控制的元素。从虚与实的角度对园林植物空间营造展开研究,实地调查了若干优秀园林案例,总结出园林植物空间有虚、实、半虚半实3种表现形式,同时在形态上具有丰富的边界元素、灵活的限定方式、复杂的空间形状、多样的空间尺度以及变化的空间性质等特征。通过图解的方法探索了植物虚实空间组合的6种方式,揭示了植物空间布局的虚实相间特点,以期为今后营造多样变化的园林植物空间提供参考。

    Abstract:Space creation is the fundamental purpose of landscape design, and plants are the most active and most difficult part to control. This paper is devoted to plant space creation from the perspective of the virtual and actual, through the field survey of a number of excellent gardens. The plant space has three structural forms of virtual, actual and half virtual through summary, and has the following characteristics of abundant boundary elements, flexible defined ways, complex spatial shape, various spatial scales and changing spatial nature. Six ways of combination of plant virtual and actual space are explored, and the characteristics of plant space layout are revealed by graphic method, so as to provide a reference for future diversified garden plant space.

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