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    传统江南理水的生态智慧

    关键词:风景园林;生态智慧;理水;江南地区;海绵城市

    Key words:landscape architecture; ecological wisdom; dredging and utilization of water; south of the Yangtze River; sponge city

    摘要:江南地区快速的城市化进程带来了内涝、水污染等环境问题。面对地域综合性雨洪问题,国内掀起了一股海绵城市的生态实践热潮。在江南地区,先人为应对自然环境的变化进行场地竖向改造,“因地制宜”地改善水体径流方式,促进自然水循环,在漫长的历史过程中发展形成传统理水智慧。这种以场地微循环为核心的理水方式既不任水漫流、又不完全约束水的精神,体现了古人的生态智慧。总结江南地区传统理水“源、排、疏、蓄、净”等典型手法,以昆山市花桥镇道路绿地为实证,通过“疏理水网、组织排水、蓄存保水、生态净水”等技术,将理水的生态智慧融入海绵城市建设中。试以最自然、最低碳的方式解决江南地区“水多易涝,水脏难渗”等问题,实现城市良性水循环和景观生态设计的有机结合,以期为海绵城市的地域化发展提供借鉴。

    Abstract:The rapid development of urbanization is accompanied with urban waterlogging, water pollution and other environmental problems in the south of the Yangtze River. There is a boom of sponge city ecological practice in China.when faced with regional comprehensive stormwater problems. Dredging and utilization of water in the south of the Yangtze River is formed and developed to deal with the natural environment in a long historical period by ancestors, with vertical transformation of the site as the means, "according to local conditions" to improve the water runoff, promote the natural water cycle, especially the concept and method of microcirculation. It neither makes water flowing freely, nor completely constrains water, which embodies the ecological wisdom of the ancients. This study extracts some regional water treatment techniques including "source, drain, dredge, storage and purify" and so on. Taking the road green space in Huaqiao Town, Kunshan City as an example, the basic process of "dredging water networks, organizing drainage system,storage water, and ecological water purification" and other technologies are applied to integrate ecological wisdom into the sponge city construction. It tries to use the most natural and least carbon way to solve the region problems like "water is more easy to waterlogging, and water is dirty and difficult to seepage", to achieve the organic combination between city's good water circulation and landscape ecological design, in order to provide reference for regional development under the background of sponge city construction.

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