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期刊杂志

    上海迪士尼苗木固定技艺

    关键词:园林植物;苗木种植;树干固定;土球固定;拉线锚

    Key words:landscape plants; tree cultivation; trunk guying; root ball fixing; duckbill earth anchors

    摘要:苗木固定是苗木种植不可或缺的一部分,它与苗木的安全和景观均相关。目前,国内园林工作者进行苗木固定时往往仅凭个人经验,只考虑固定效果而忽视景观体验,甚至对固定效果不是很确定,常用木桩或竹竿进行三角形或井字形支撑,或用简单的绳索牵引来固定苗木,杂乱无章而又存在严重的安全隐患。迪士尼新栽植的自然原冠苗,经过断根缩坨,根系难以满足支撑苗木的要求,且树冠大、易招风,固定苗木极不容易。针对苗木固定,上海迪士尼具有统一的标准,安全可靠且自然美观,对其加以介绍,以期提供借鉴。

    Abstract:Fixing trees is an indispensable part of tree cultivation, which involves safety and landscape. At present, in China, during the tree guying process, landscape professionals usually consider only the steadiness of guying based on individual experience, neglecting the actual landscape experience, and even the guying steadiness itself is not so certain in some occasions. Stakes and bamboo rods are commonly used for triangular or square-shaped support, and simple rope guying is also used. These methods are chaotic and have serious safety hazards. The root, after pruning, is difficult to meet the requirements of supporting the original crown seedlings. Additionally, the original large crown handles large wind pressure, and thus tree guying is not easy. Shanghai Disney Resort has unified standards for tree guying, which are safe, reliable and naturally beautiful. The paper introduces this technology in order to provide a example.

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