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    从美国“绿道”到欧洲绿道:城乡空间生态网络构建——以广州市增城区为例

    关键词:风景园林;城乡空间;绿道;生态廊道;生态网络

    Key words:landscape architecture; urban and rural space; greenway; ecological corridor; ecological network

    摘要:自广州市增城区践行绿道开始,由慢行道和开敞空间组成的绿道建设在中国大力发展,在为市民提供亲近自然、健康休闲的休憩空间的同时,也带动了农村地区的经济发展。但在增城区的绿道实践过程中,缺乏对自然生态系统的修复与关爱等问题逐渐凸显。通过对比美国和欧洲绿道的建设情况,厘清绿道与生态廊道及生态网络的衍生关系,总结出基于生态网络构建的绿道规划方法,为广州市增城区绿道建设注入具有自我维育能力的生态功能,丰富了绿道的形式,为我国生态网络化的绿道建设提供理论与实践探索。

    Abstract:From the greenway practice of the Zengcheng District of Guangzhou, the construction of "greenway" composed of walkway and open space is in the rapid development in China, drives the development of rural economy, and at the same time provide nature and healthy leisure space for citizens. But in practice, the greatest loss of "greenway" is lack of repairing and caring for natural ecosystem. To solve this problem, this paper compares the construction of American "greenway" with the European greenway, clarifies the relationship among greenway, ecological corridor and ecological network, and concludes the method of European greenway planning. The practice can increase self-repairing ecological function into the Zengcheng District, and enrich the forms of greenway. The research is beneficial for exploring the construction of ecological network in urban and rural space in theory and practice.

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