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    从生态的尺度转向空间的尺度——尺度效应在风景园林规划设计中的应用

    关键词:风景园林;尺度效应;尺度嵌套;尺度转向;景观生态规划设计理论

    Key words:landscape architecture; scale effect; scale nesting; scale transform; theory of landscape ecological planning and design

    摘要:从尺度效应的风景园林规划设计应用途径入手,探索广义的生态学研究尺度转向空间应用尺度的方法,从而在实践中通过多尺度空间规划回应研究对象的自然组织尺度特点。首先分析了尺度效应的内涵和外延,认为尺度的组织维度可构成一种多层次的功能-结构体系,即“多尺度的组织嵌套体”,继而界定了尺度嵌套与尺度转向的定义,认为“多尺度的组织嵌套体”可对应转向“多尺度的空间嵌套体”,最后提出了尺度转向的机制和方法,结合实际案例展示了多尺度空间嵌套模型的应用方法

    Abstract:From the perspective of the application of scale effect in landscape architecture planning and design, an approach of transforming generalized ecological scale into spatial scale is explored in this article. Thus multi-scale spatial planning is available to respond to the characteristics of research object in natural organizational scale. Firstly, by analyzing the connotation and extension of scale effect, it is considered that the dimension of organizational scale can form a multi-level function-structure system named "multi-scale organizational nesting". Further definitions of scale nesting and scale transform is determined, and it is thought that "multi-scale organizational nesting" can be corresponded to "multi-scale spatial nesting". Finally, the mechanism and method of scale transform are put forward and application approach of multi-scale spatial nesting model is demonstrated with practical case

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