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    大连滨海路海岸带美景度评价研究

    关键词:风景园林;海岸带;水文地貌法;美景度;大连;评价

    Key words:landscape architecture; coastal zone; Hydrogeomorphic approach; scenic beauty; Dalian; evaluate

    摘要:海岸带开发建设已成为沿海城市景观发展的重要内容,既要促进区域经济和旅游业发展,又要兼顾生态性、美观性及协调性。根据海岸带湿地相关理论和景观视觉资源评价原理,利用水文地貌法构建了海岸带美景度评价的模式;在此基础上结合大连滨海路海岸带自然环境和防护设施的要素,分析了海岸带环境景观特征与景观认知的关系。结果表明,基于水文地貌法的美景度评价模式与景观感知的问卷调查评价模式有较高的相关性,并对景观视觉美学评价有较好的解释。研究成果为海岸带规划设计与开发建设提供了一种新视角。

    Abstract:Coastal zone development and construction have become the important content of landscape development in coastal city, not only to promote regional economic and tourism development, but also to take the beauty, ecosystem and coordination into consideration. Based on the theory of the coastal zone wetlands and the principle of landscape visual resource evaluation, coastal scenic beauty is constructed by the Hydrogeomorphic approach. In terms of the elements of coastal and natural environment protection facilities, the article analyzes the relation of the coastal landscape characteristics and landscape cognition. The result shows that there is a high degree of correlation between scenic beauty, based on the Hydrogeomorphic approach and the evaluation mode of the questionnaire validation for landscape perception. Meanwhile, the result also offers an explanation to landscape visual aesthetics. This study provides a novel viewpoint for the planning and design of the coastal construction.

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