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    GIS在国外风景园林领域研究前沿

    关键词:风景园林;地理信息系统;景观生态学;城市绿地;共词分析

    Key words:landscape architecture; Geographic Information System (GIS); landscape ecology; urban green space; co-word analysis

    摘要:以科学引文索(Science Citation Index, SCI)核心合集中地理信息系统(Geographic Information System, GIS)在风景园林领域应用的相关学术论文为依据,回顾了GIS在该领域的发展脉络。借助Citespace科学计量工具,重点介绍2006—2015年间的主要研究热点,并对其新兴发展趋势做出展望。结果表明,研究集中于城市绿地变化及城市化、景观生态学与可持续发展、生态系统服务、景观评价工具、乡村规划与农业规划、流域土壤侵蚀与水质水量关系、地理设计与增强现实,以及虚拟现实技术实现景观可视化等方面。其中,公众参与GIS(Public Participation Geographic Information System, PPGIS)、绿地公平性、地理设计和景观可视化分析等新兴领域发展迅速。

    Abstract:This paper provides a literature review of GIS development and applications in the areas of landscape from 2006-2015, based on Science Citation Index (SCI) database. Using Citespace as the assessment tool, this paper focuses on introducing research frontiers in the above areas, and it further suggests development prospects in GIS. Results show that previous GIS studies focus on urban land use changes and urbanization; landscape ecology and sustainable development; ecosystem services; landscape evaluation tool; rural and agricultural land planning; relationship between soil erosion and water quality and quantity; and geodesign and augmented reality, virtual reality and other aspects to realize landscape visualization and so on. Among them, Public Participation Geographic Information System (PPGIS), green justice, geography design, landscape visual analysis and other emerging fields have been rapidly developing.

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