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    城市街道景观视觉美学评价研究

    关键词:风景园林;景观美学;视觉质量;景观偏好

    Key words:landscape architecture; landscape aesthetics; visual quality; landscape preference

    摘要:景观的视觉美学质量被广泛认为是值得保护的宝贵资源。在全球化的进程中,越来越多的从业者将目光从之前的广泛区域性研究重新定位到了更加具有针对性的城市街道美学研究,因为他们认为,街道环境对当地人的生活质量与舒适度也起到了决定性作用。针对城市街道的景观美学进行分析与评估,最终得出影响街道美学的关键因素。基于广泛的基于景观感知的调查,发现虽然不同受访者针对同一街道景观有着不同的观点与偏好,但是其偏好绝大部分都受到街道景观美学视觉质量本身的影响,景观美学质量越高,共识越趋于统一。与此同时,还发现基于空间结构层面的景观美学因素也影响着人们对景观美学的偏好。

    Abstract:The visual aesthetic quality of landscape is widely considered to be worth of protection. In the process of globalization, more and more practitioners who previously focused on the extensive regional scaled research repositioned themselves to a more targeted urban street level aesthetic research. This is because practitioners start to believe that street environment also plays a decisive role in influencing the quality and comfort of the local population. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to analyze and evaluate the landscape aesthetics of urban streets to see its importance, and find out the key factors affecting street aesthetics. Based on a wide range of landscape-based surveys, the authors found that although different respondents had different views and preferences for the same street landscape, most of their preferences were influenced by the visual quality of landscape aesthetics, and the higher the quality, the more consensus of respondents' preferences. At the same time, the study also found that the spatial structure aesthetic of landscape also plays an important role in effecting people's preference.

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