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    论无锡近代园林的历史地位

    关键词:风景园林;无锡近代园林;历史地位;近代公园;近代旅游业

    Key words:landscape architecture; modern garden in Wuxi; historical status; modern park; modern tourism

    摘要:目前关于中国近现代园林史的研究大多集中在上海、天津等通商口岸城市的租界园林,对于非商埠城市民族资本家自建园林的关注度不足,但这恰恰是无锡近代园林最大的历史价值。无锡作为近代新兴的民族工商业重镇,其近代园林形成了独特的中西合璧造园风格、民主自由的园林文化,以及区域统筹的风景区建设思想。无锡近代园林在中国近代园林史中占据着举足轻重的地位,鲜明地反映了中国近代园林的发展轨迹,成为中国近代自建公园的先驱和近代风景旅游休闲度假的发端。对无锡近代园林的历史地位做出初步探讨,力求引起学术界对无锡近代园林的重视和讨论。

    Abstract:The study of Chinese modern gardens mostly focuses on concession gardens intreaty port cities like Shanghai and Tianjin. While insufficient attention is paid to gardens built by local national capitalists in other cities, which is exactly where the historical value of modern gardens in Wuxi is. As a new national industry and commerce base in modern China, Wuxi formed a unique garden style with both the Chinese and the Western, combining with the garden culture of democracy and the construction concept of regional scenic area. Modern gardens in Wuxi plays an extremely important role in the history of Chinese modern gardens and vividly reflects the track of the development of Chinese modern gardens. It becomes the pioneer of self-built parks and the beginning of leisure tourism in modern China. This paper makes a preliminary discussion on the historical status of modern gardens in Wuxi and tries to draw academic attention to it.

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