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期刊杂志

    数据库辅助下的严寒地区村庄聚落景观风貌评价研究

    关键词:风景园林;村庄聚落;景观风貌评价;数据库;严寒地区

    Key words:landscape architecture; village settlement; assessment of landscape; database; cold region

    摘要:景观风貌作为乡村规划的重要内容,对其进行评价是开展规划设计和指导建设的前提与基础工作。在严寒地区村庄聚落景观风貌调查的基础上,提取风貌特征要素,通过对各类景观风貌信息的整理与编码,建立质性信息与定量数据相结合的严寒地区村庄聚落景观风貌数据库,为景观风貌信息的有效整合与挖掘利用提供技术平台。通过写入景观风貌信息评价准则、利用数据库的信息处理技术对景观风貌信息进行调取与系统评价,输出村庄聚落自然景观风貌、农业生产景观风貌、居住景观风貌,以及人文景观风貌等方面的分析结果,识别各类型中占主导地位的风貌要素,发现村庄景观风貌现存的问题,为严寒地区村庄建设、景观风貌规划及其他相关设计与研究提供参考。

    Abstract:Landscape style is an important part of rural planning, and rural landscape style assessment is the premise and foundation work of carrying out planning, design and guiding the construction. Combined with the qualitative information and quantitative data, this study sorts and codes all types of rural landscape information, and establishes landscape style database of villages in the cold region based on the investigation of typical rural landscape, which provides the technical platform for effectively integrating and exploiting the information of rural landscape. Furthermore, the rural landscape is assessed by writing evaluation criteria and using information processing technology of the database. Assessment results in term of natural landscape, agricultural landscape, settlement landscape, and culture landscape etc., will be exported, which provide technical support for rural construction, landscape planning and other related designs and researches of villages in cold region.

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