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    园林设计的折衷主义现象之反思

    关键词:风景园林;折衷主义园林;中国园林;民族文化

    Key words:landscape architecture; eclecticism garden; Chinese garden; national culture

    摘要:中西方园林在其各自的发展历程中都出现了折衷主义现象,折衷主义园林在中国持续发酵,并未引起足够的关注。通过对中西方折衷主义园林的发展历程进行总结和对比分析,提出中国的折衷主义园林产生的原因是对风景园林的发展历史、发展趋势以及综合意义缺乏完整、清晰、全面的认识。园林中的折衷主义是一种对本民族园林文化不够自信的表现,不利于中国园林的现代转型。因此,发展中国本土特色的现代园林必须要一分为二地对待折衷主义。

    Abstract:The eclecticism appeared in Chinese and Western garden during their respective development histories. However, the eclecticism garden ferments continuously and is not given enough in China. By means of summarizing and making contrast of the development history of Chinese and Western eclecticism garden, this paper puts forward that the cause of Chinese eclecticism garden is the lack of clear and comprehensive understanding for the development history, trend and the meaning of landscape architecture. The eclecticism garden is a reflex of nonconfidence for the garden culture and national consciousness, which is against the modern transformation of Chinese garden. Therefore, to develop Chinese local modern garden, it needs to divide into two aspects to deal with the eclecticism.

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