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    西南高海拔山区道路边坡近自然生态复原设计

    关键词:风景园林;高海拔山区;道路边坡;生态复原;绿化技术

    Key words:landscape architecture; high altitude mountain area; road slope; ecological restoration; greening technology

    摘要:西南高海拔地带是中国乃至亚洲西南部的重要生态屏障,针对当前高海拔山区因基础设施建设导致的不良生态安全状况,总结了适合高寒、极旱、强日照状态下的生态复原理论与方法,即以土壤种子库理论和潜生植被理论为基础进行生态复原,缩短恢复后达到稳定地带性植物群落的时间。对于人工景观要素的处理手法,提倡遵循乡土性和文化性原则,使原生态的西南高海拔山区文化特征也能够持续、健康地发展下去。最后,对于已经完成的生态复建对象地,建议部署地段物种的动态监测体系。

    Abstract:High altitude mountain area in Southwest of China is the critical ecological shelter zone for the whole country and even the Southwest of Asia. According to the current situation of ecological lost caused by infrastructure construction in that areas, this paper summarized the theory and method of ecological restoration, which was suitable for cold, extreme drought, and strong sunshine climate state. Consequently, the theory of ecological restoration in Soil Seed Bank and Potential Vegetation have been chosen to shorten the recovery time until reaching stable zonal plant communities for ecological lost areas. For the treatment of artificial landscape elements, the authors also advocated to follow the local cultural principles, so that the original cultural characteristics of the southwest regional can be in sustainable and healthy development. Finally, the construction of species dynamic monitoring system has been proposed.

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