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期刊杂志

    工程创面生态恢复技术的典型案例分析

    关键词:风景园林;工程创面;生态恢复;植被护坡

    Key words:landscape architecture; surface destroyed by engineering; ecological restoration; vegetation slope protection

    摘要:以贵州六盘水大河经济开发区天湖景观大道边坡、珠海斗门泗喜加油站后山边坡和深圳盐田区大水坑东信采石场边坡3个工程创面生态恢复设计为例,综合阐述了裸露工程创面对生态环境、工程建设安全与效益以及区域经济可持续发展产生的破坏和影响。依据对工程创面生态恢复设计中采用的水土保持、土壤改良、植被恢复等生态恢复措施在裸露坡面设计中的运用及最后达成的效果,提出在工程创面生态恢复设计中引入土工防护技术与植物护坡技术相结合的思路,同时也提出了工程创面生态恢复设计的可持续发展策略,即从重视人工植物群落构建向近自然植物群落模式演化,以真正达到生态恢复的目的。

    Abstract:Taking the ecological restoration designs of surface destroyed by engineering in the slope at Tianhu landscape avenue in Dahe Economic Development Zone, Liupanshui City, Guizhou Province; the slope at the back of the gas station in Sixi Village, Doumen District, Zhuhai, and the slope at Dongxin Quarry in Dashuikeng, Yantian District, Shenzhen as the examples, the paper elaborated the destruction and influence of surface destroyed by engineering to the ecological environment, safety and benefit of engineering construction and the sustainable development of regional economy. It analyzed the ecological restoration design of surface destroyed by engineering such as soil and water conservation, soil improvement, vegetation and other ecological restoration measures in the slope design and the final achievement, and concluded that the ecological restoration methods of surface destroyed by engineering should be introduced to the geotechnical protection technology and even should be mixed through the vegetation technology. At the same time, the sustainable development strategies of ecological restoration engineering design for the destroyed surfaces that paying attention to the evolution from the artificial plant communities to the naturally near natural mode were also proposed, so as to realize the goal of ecological restoration.

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