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    英国家园地带——开放式街区“窄马路”改造与设计

    关键词:风景园林;英国家园地带;开放式街区;窄马路;共享空间;街区绿地

    Key words:landscape architecture; UK Home Zone; open residential community; narrow blocks; sharing space; green space in blocks

    摘要::英国家园地带是针对传统开放式街区内“窄马路”所进行的设计与改造项目,通过分析家园地带的形成背景和影响,总结英国传统街区道路的利弊以及家园地带设计改造的目标。结合英国邓迪市家园地带的建设实例,阐述其交通静音举措、共享空间理念和行人优先的街道空间布局。家园地带独特的建设与运作理念,在一定程度上缓解了开放式社区带来的困扰,对中国开放式街区的规划、街区绿地的设计和改造提供了有益借鉴。

    Abstract:UK Home Zone planning and construction is a chance to summarize the design and transformation of opening residential community in UK. Through analysis and summary of the formation background and influence of Home Zone projects, and combining with the construction examples in Dundee, it explained the traffic calming measures, shared space and pedestrian priority design ideas. It also elaborated the concept of construction and operation of Home Zone. All of them relieve the troubles to dwellings from development of the society. It puts forward the key problems, the core questions, construction process and operation mechanism in Home Zone and provides reference for the design of green space in opening residential area in China.

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