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    引导过程的主动介入式设计模式:生态智慧启发下的方法探索

    关键词:风景园林;生态智慧;主动介入式设计;触媒-生长模式;容器-引入模式;堆栈-协同模式

    Key words:landscape architecture; ecological wisdom; active intervention design; catalyst-growth pattern; container- introduction pattern; stack-cooperative succession pattern

    摘要:城市景观的“不可持续性”通常是由于缺乏对“过程”的理解。生态实践智慧的相关内涵和思想,启发以过程为主导的景观设计思想,采用过程的塑造力量实现景观设计的目标。通过对“弹性”“适应性”和“可持续性”与“过程”的关系阐释,基于景观过程的多维特征,形成以空间为设计载体,以时间过程为变量的“空间-过程”设计模式,主动介入并引导景观过程。最后总结了生态智慧启示下的景观设计实践的历史视角、人文视角和技术视角,从而使其构建的系统具有更丰富的内涵、更多重的维度和更强的适应性。

    Abstract:The "unsustainability" of urban landscape is usually due to the lack of understanding of "process". The related connotation and thought of ecological practical wisdom enlighten us on the idea of landscape design, which is process-oriented. Through the explanation of the relationship between "resilience", "adaptation", "sustainability" and "process", and based on the multidimensional characteristics of landscape process, the "space-process" design patterns is formed, which takes space as the design carrier, and time process as a variable, actively intervenes and guides the landscape process. Finally, the paper summarizes the historical, humanistic and technical perspectives of landscape design practice inspired by ecological wisdom, which make the pattern system has richer connotation, more dimensions and stronger adaptability.

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