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    香山静宜园文化价值评价

    关键词:风景园林;香山静宜园;历史名园;文化价值

    Key words:landscape architecture; Jingyi Garden of the Fragrant Hill; famous historical garden; cultural value

    摘要:香山静宜园是清代皇家“三山五园”之一,以二十八景著称。长期以来,香山静宜园没有得到应有的重视,无法与同为“三山五园”的圆明园、颐和园相比。近年来,随着静宜园二十八景复建等工程的开展,静宜园的历史面貌得以恢复,对其进行研究也越发迫切。香山静宜园具有较高的文化价值,仅用传统的历史价值、艺术价值、科学价值3个角度进行评价不足以全面地阐释香山静宜园的价值,需要依据更加全面的历史名园评价体系进行其文化价值的认定。从历史名园的文化价值构建为出发点,试图以一个更加完整的视角来评价香山静宜园的文化价值,并在此基础上探讨如何协调各种文化价值保护之间的关系,以期为香山公园的发展找出科学的定位。

    Abstract:Jingyi Garden of the Fragrant Hill was one of the royal gardens, Three Hills and Five Gardens in the Qing Dynasty, well known for its 28 attractions. For long time, Jingyi Garden hasn't got enough attention, compared to the Old Summer Palace and the Summer Palace, which were also two of Three Hills and Five Gardens. Currently, Jingyi Garden was rehabilitated as the reconstruction of the 28 attractions of the Jingyi Garden ongoing, and it needed more research. Jingyi Garden had splendid cultural values, which cannot be covered by traditional criteria of historical, aesthetic and scientific values. Thus, new criteria of cultural values need to be set, in order to evaluate the whole values of the garden. This paper attempted to evaluate Jingyi Garden with a wider sight, and discuss how to coordinate the relationship among different cultural values, in order to find out a scientific orientation for the development of the Fragrant Hill Park.

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