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    基于场景可视化的城区山体美学质量评价研究——以福州市为例

    关键词:风景园林;福州市;景观提升;城区山体;SBE法

    Key words:landscape architecture; Fuzhou city; landscape promotion; urban massif; scenic beauty estimation (SBE)

    摘要:为了科学合理地提升城区山体美学质量,通过实地调查,利用场景可视化技术,采用参与式评估,获取287位受访者的偏好意愿,以此评价不同利益相关者对城区山体景观发展趋势的偏好。结果表明:1)福州市城区内及周边春花、秋叶乔木植物种类较为丰富;2)几乎所有受访者(95.5%)都认为对城区山体进行改造具有积极意义,且赏景及放松心情是城区山体的重要社会功能;3)整体而言,通过模拟各场景的景观变化,评判值出现不同程度的提升,其中,秋叶景观震撼力最强,春花景观其次;4)不同群体的景观喜好度不同,以年龄和常住地分类的人群的评判值差异较为明显

    Abstract:In order to scientifically and rationally promote the aesthetics of massif in urban areas, it obtained the basic data through a field investigation, and it used a scene visualization technology and adopted a participatory evaluation to acquire the preference of 287 respondents, so as to evaluate different stakeholders' preference of massif landscape development trend in urban areas. The results showed that: 1) The species of spring flowers and autumn magaphanerophytes are more plentiful in Fuzhou city and surrounding areas; 2) Almost all respondents believed that transforming the massif in urban areas makes sense, and enjoying scenery and relaxing the mind are an important social function of massif in urban areas; 3) As a whole, through a simulation, the sceneries' evaluation value has been promoted to a different extent, and among them, the landscape of autumn leaves is most stirring, followed by the landscape of spring flowers; 4) Different groups of landscapes have different preferences: the groups classified by age and permanent residence have a more apparent evaluation value difference.

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