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    场地生境营造的实验与计算机模拟设计研究

    关键词:风景园林;城市生态;场地设计;生境营造;参数化设计;日照因子

    Key words:landscape architecture; urban ecology; site design; habitat-site design; parametric design; sunshine factor

    摘要:生境营造是城市建成环境中,通过利用和优化各种绿地的场地生境条件,人工建植适宜而多样的植物群落,并使其具有演替活动。其中对场地的生境类型划分及其分区,是生境营造途径的首要环节。分区依据不同生境影响因子的理论参数,通过实验观测,验证并界定影响因子参数,借助AutoCAD计算机设计软件平台,以C++编程语言形成插入的工具箱,模拟生境因子影响下的生境分区,依托实验基地开展“相关研究理论参数分析-初步观测验证-计算机参数化模拟-连续性观测验证”的研究工作,促进场地生境分区软件研发,使生境营造理论更具有应用性。

    Abstract:Habitat-site design includes artificial vegetation of suitable and diverse plant communities with succession activities, through utilizing and optimizing the habitat conditions of various green space in the urban built environment. The type and zoning of habitat-site is the key link of the habitat-site. According to the theoretical parameters and experimental observation of different habitats influencing factors, the research verified and defined the influencing factor parameters of habitat-site typology and zoning. Meanwhile, the study simulated the typology and zoning under the influence of habitat factors, with the help of software platform of AutoCAD computer design and the inserted toolbox in the C++ programming language. Based on experimental base, the research carried out the work under the frame of "related theoretical parameter analysis, preliminary observations-computer parameterized simulation-continuous observation authentication". It will promote habitat-site typology and zoning software research and make the habitat-site design theory more applicable.

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