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    画境观念与乡境营造——18世纪英国画境观念下乡村建筑实践及其当下中国启示

    关键词:风景园林;画境;如画风格;乡土民居;乡村建设;乡境营造

    Key words:landscape architecture; picturesque; picturesque style; country dwelling; rural construction; vernacular artistic conception creation

    摘要:当代中国乡村建设正以迅速扩展的方式影响着乡村景观,而美学取向的“乡境营造”是其重要特征。拟从18世纪英国的画境观念入手,探讨这一观念在历史中率先展开的对乡村环境、乡土民居美学价值的认知、学习和吸收,及其师法民居浪漫形式的“如画风格”实践。并进一步以历史回顾为参照,对我国当下乡村建设热潮中以“乡境营造”为价值目标的一些实践倾向进行审视与批判。

    Abstract:Contemporary Chinese rural construction is having a rapid influence to rural landscape, and the creation of vernacular artistic conception is an important feature. This paper focuses on the British concept of "picturesque" in 18th century, and discusses this concept which started the learning and absorption for the aesthetic value of vernacular dwellings in rural landscape. By the learning from the romantic features of vernacular dwellings, the concept of "picturesque" then promoted the rural architecture practice named as "picturesque style". Through the historical review, some usual tendencies valued by vernacular artistic conception in Chinese current rural construction boom are reviewed and criticized.

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