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世界物种多样性类别自然遗产OUV表征指标的识别研究
张德顺,胡立辉
0
()
摘要:
识别物种多样性OUV表征指标,对于世界物种多样性类别自然遗产价值的认知、评估与监测具有重要意义。在对国内外物种多样性评价体系中具有普适性价值指标的初步筛选与分类的基础上,以206项自然遗产与35项混合遗产为研究对象,通过分析表征指标的频次、相关性、回归贡献值与多维聚类度,构建了以稀有性、多样性、代表性和重要性为主的四大类含13项特征的世界自然遗产物种多样性OUV表征指标体系。其中,重点指标4项即濒危物种、物种丰富度、物种特有度和重要物种,一般指标7项即物种相对多度、物种密度、旗舰物种、地方性物种、珍稀物种、红色名录指数和标志物种,参考指标2项即古老孑遗物种和关键物种。该表征指标体系的构建对于自然遗产价值的认知与保护,特别是物种多样性类别遗产的研究、申报、规划与管理具有现实意义。
关键词:  风景园林  世界自然遗产  物种多样性  OUV  表征指标  识别
DOI:
基金项目:
Characterization Identification on OUV of Species Diversity in World Natural Heritage
ZHANG Deshun,HU Lihui
()
Abstract:
It is of great significance to identify the OUV of species diversity to cognize, evaluate and monitor the value of species diversity in world natural heritages. On the basis of the preliminary screening and classification of the universal values of species diversity indexes and systematical reviewing, the keywords of the criteria and the brief descriptions about conservation strategies were summarized for the 205 natural heritages and 36 mix-heritages, and the framework with 4 categories of 13 representational indexes system was constructed. Through the analysis of the frequency, correlation, regression contribution and multidimensional clustering of the characterization indexes, 4 key indicators were summarized as endangered species, species richness, species specificity and important species, and each of these 4 indexes covered 4 categories that were rareness, diversity, representativeness and importance; 7 normal indicators as relative abundance, species density, flagship species, endemic species, rareness species, red list index, and signature species and 2 referential indicators as relict and keystone species were also summed up. The identification of the elements and the construction of the index system have practical significance for the value cognition and conservation of the natural heritage, especially for the research, application, planning and management the world natural heritage sites of species diversity for UNESCO.
Key words:  landscape architecture  world natural heritage  species diversity  OUV  representation index  identification

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