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天台宗影响下的中国国清寺和日本 延历寺历史变迁与景观特征之异同
郦卡,陈楚文*,刘琪琪
0
()
摘要:
天台宗作为佛教中国化的第一个宗派,对中日佛教的发展起着关键作用。中国天台山的国清寺和日本比叡山的延历寺正是在其思想影响下建成的,由于起始于同一思想宗派,因此在漫长的历史变迁中,两者既存在联系,又有所区别。通过查阅大量古书典籍,对国清寺和延历寺从建立、发展、兴衰到当今繁荣的历史变迁过程进行了归纳总结和分析比较,分析了国清寺和延历寺在景观特征方面的异同点,希望通过对二者历史变迁和景观特征方面异同点的分析,为今后佛寺园林景观的传播提供参考和借鉴。
关键词:  风景园林  历史变迁  天台宗  国清寺  延历寺
DOI:
基金项目:
On Differences of Historical Changes and Landscape Features between Guoqing Temple and Enryakuji under the Influence of Tiantai Sect
LI Ka,CHEN Chuwen,LIU Qiqi
()
Abstract:
Tiantai sect, as the first chinization Buddhism sect, plays a key role in the development of Chinese and Japanese Buddhism. Guoqing Temple and Enryakuji established under its influence. Because they rooted in the same sect, there are connections and differences in the process of long historical changes. The paper refers a large number of ancient books to summarize the process of historical changes of Guoqing Temple and Enryakuji from the establishment, development, the rise and fall and today's prosperity and make an analysis and comparison, and then, analyses the differences between landscape characteristics of Guoqing Temple and Enryakuji. Through the analysis of the similarities and differences of the historical changes and landscape characteristics of Guoqing Temple and Enryakuji, it is hoped to provide reference for the spread of buddhist temple landscape.
Key words:  landscape architecture  historical change  Tiantai sect  Guoqing Temple  Enryakuji

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