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申遗背景下的中国自然遗产潜力评估
吴桐雯,李江海*,闻丞
0
()
摘要:
参照世界自然遗产地学、美学、生物生态过程和濒危物种栖息地4项申遗评选标准,依据地貌景观、生物景观等价值构成,建立美学价值评估方法;依据世界遗产13类地学主题评价框架、地质演化过程、典型类型地貌等价值构成,建立地学价值评估方法;依据生态系统过程、物种多样性、栖息地等价值构成,建立生物生态学价值评估方法。利用全球对比的方法提取和评估突出普遍价值,将中国自然遗产潜力区分为青藏高原区、西北干旱区、东部季风区等生态环境基本单元,筛选我国世界自然遗产潜力区。重点提出海洋类世界自然遗产和西部北部地区申遗的可能性,提出中国申报世界自然遗产突出普遍价值的评估策略与优先原则。
关键词:  风景园林  世界自然遗产  突出普遍价值  评估方法框架  申遗策略
DOI:
基金项目:
Evaluation of Natural Heritage Potential of China in the Background of Applying for World Natural Heritage
WU Tongwen,LI Jianghai,WEN Cheng
()
Abstract:
With reference to the World Natural Heritage's four selection criteria on geological, aesthetic and biological value, the paper establishes aesthetic value assessment methods based on the composition of geomorphological landscapes and biological landscapes; establishes geological value assessment methods based on World Heritage 13 geoscience theme evaluation framework, geologic evolution process, typical landforms and other components; and establishes bio-ecological value assessment methods based on ecosystem process, species diversity and habitat. It adopts the global comparison methods to extract and evaluate the outstanding universal value, divide the potential areas of China's Natural Heritage into basic units according to their ecological environment such as the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau arid Northwestern region and Eastern monsoon region. Focusing on the possibility of declaring the World's Natural Heritage in the maritime world and the application in the northern part of the western region, this article puts forward the evaluation strategy and priority principle for the prominent universal value of China's declaration of the world's natural heritage.
Key words:  landscape architecture  World Natural Heritage  outstanding universal value  evaluation method framework  strategy in applying for World Heritage

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