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热景观的初步构想
叶海,王钰君,钱锋*
0
作者简介:
摘要:
在人居环境领域,传统园林景观的“实景”之外,“虚景”也逐步进入了研究视野,如声景观、光景观、气味景观等,其相关研究成果在城市规划、风景园林以及建筑设计中也得到了较好的应用。回顾了虚景的相关研究,陈述了景观要素与虚景的对应关系,提出了“热景观”的概念。热景观是园林虚景的一部分,既有可度量的环境性能(温度、湿度、风速、太阳辐射等),也包含了人的主观热舒适感觉,同时,还与社会文化相关的诗画意境联系在一起,是住区热环境与风景园林学科的交叉领域。探讨了热景观与住区热环境的区别与联系,初步提出了热景观的研究内容、研究方法和可能的成果应用。热景观的发展拓宽和丰富了景观的维度,也让我们能够以更全面的视角来建设风景园林、评价人居环境。
关键词:  风景园林  虚景  热景观  城市热环境  人居环境
DOI:
基金项目:
A Preliminary Conception of Thermalscape
YE Hai,WANG Yujun,QIAN Feng
Abstract:
In the field of human settlements, besides the "real scene" of traditional garden landscape, the "virtual scene" has gradually entered the research field, such as soundscape, lightscape, smellscape and thermalscape. Its related research results have also been applied in urban planning, landscape architecture and architectural design. This paper reviews the research on "virtual landscape", states the corresponding relationship between landscape elements and "virtual scene", and puts forward the concept of "thermalscape". Thermalscape is a part of "virtual scene" of garden landscape. It not only has measurable environmental performance (temperature, humidity, wind speed, solar radiation, etc.), but also contains people's subjective thermal comfort sensation. At the same time, it is also connected with the artistic conception of poems and paintings related to social culture. Thermalscape is an interdisciplinary field of thermal environment and landscape in residential areas. This paper discusses the differences and relations between settlements thermal environment and thermalscape, and preliminarily puts forward the research content, research methods and possible application of results of thermalscape. The development of thermalscape expands and enriches the dimension of landscape, and enables us to construct landscape architecture and evaluate urban and rural construction from a more comprehensive perspective.
Key words:  landscape architecture  virtual scene  thermalscape  urban thermal environment  human settlement

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