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基于中医体质学的康复花园参与性设计 健康增益评价研究
岳桦,赵景伟,岳莉然,胡尚春
0
()
摘要:
以“PlanT”康复花园的场所设计及志愿者参与性活 动设计为疗愈方法,通过循证实验设计,采用中医体质量表评 价健康增益。研究结果表明:其花园参与性设计对志愿者有不 同的健康增益效果。26.67%的志愿者在参与活动后,曾由偏 颇体质转为平和体质,其中有16.67%转为平和体质并持续到 活动结束。活动结束时,在各体质的亚量表中,志愿者平和质 得分显著高于活动前,8种偏颇体质得分整体均有下降,其中5 种与活动前得分有极显著差异,2种有显著差异。调查问卷结果 表明:志愿者主观认为康复花园参与性设计对健康有明显增益 作用。选择9月采集中医体质量表数据,将实验组与对照组进行 对比,得到实验组转为平和质的人数较对照组高14%,实验组 中有2种体质在活动前后的亚量表分数有显著差异,对照组均无 显著差异。研究表明,康复花园参与性设计对本案例45~70岁 人群的健康增益有效。
关键词:  风景园林  康复花园  参与性设计  中医体质学  健康增益 人
DOI:
基金项目:
Research on Health Gain of Healing GardenParticipatory Design Based on Constitutionologyof Chinese Medicine
YUE Hua,ZHAO Jingwei,YUE Liran,HU Shangchun
()
Abstract:
The study used the design of "PlanT" healing garden and volunteer participatory activities as a healing method to evaluate the health gain by the constitution in Chinese medicine questionnaire (CCMQ). The results showed that the "PlanT" healing garden participatory design had different health gain benefits on volunteers. 26.67% of the volunteers varied from pathological constitution to gentleness type after the activity, among them, 16.67% were changed to gentleness type, and kept it until the end of the activity. In the each sub-scale of CCMQ of volunteers, the score of gentleness type was significantly higher than pre-activity score; the scores of the eight pathological constitutions decreased as a whole, among which, 5 constitutional types had very significant differences with pre-activity scores, and 2 constitutional types were obviously different from pre-activity scores. The volunteer subjective cognitive questionnaire indicated that the healing garden participatory design activities had a significant benefit to health. Comparing the data of CCMQ in the autumn of September in Harbin with the control group, the number of people changed to gentleness type in the experimental group was 14% higher than control group. There were 2 constitutional types of sub-scale scores in the experimental group, which had significant differences before and after the activity. And there was no significant difference in the control group. Studies have shown that the healing garden participatory design is effective for the health gain of 45-70 year olds.
Key words:  landscape architecture  healing garden  participatory design  constitution of TCM  health gain

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