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风景园林研究中的人工智能方法综述
赵晶,曹易*
0
()
摘要:
人工智能的出现为风景园林研究智能化、数字化提供 了机遇与挑战。首先介绍了人工智能的相关概念、发展,以及 在风景园林研究中的作用,并在前人分类的基础上,根据人工 智能的属性和应用,将风景园林研究中常用的人工智能方法分 为人工生命类、智能随机优化类和机器学习类;然后针对每类 中的典型算法系统论述了其原理、发展、特征,以及在风景园 林分析、设计和评估等领域的具体应用与存在的问题;进而指 出建立混合智能系统的必要性与未来发展前景;最后探讨了风 景园林研究中人工智能方法的局限性,指出风景园林智能化的 发展趋势。
关键词:  风景园林  人工智能  数字化  智能化  综述
DOI:
基金项目:
Review of Artificial Intelligence Methods inLandscape Architecture
ZHAO Jing,CAO Yi
()
Abstract:
The emergence of artificial intelligence provides opportunities and challenges for the intelligent and digitized landscape architecture. Firstly, related concepts and development of artificial intelligence and its role in landscape architecture are introduced. On the basis of previous classification, and according to the properties and applications of artificial intelligence, the commonly used artificial intelligence methods in landscape architecture are divided into artificial life, intelligent stochastic optimization processes and machine learning. Then, according to the typical algorithms in each category, the principles, development, characteristics and specific applications and existing problems in the fields of landscape analysis, design and evaluation are systematically discussed. Then it points out the necessity and future development prospect of building hybrid AI system. Finally, the limitations of artificial intelligence in landscape architecture are discussed, and the development trend of intelligent landscape is pointed out.
Key words:  landscape architecture  artificial intelligence  digitalize  intelligentize  summary

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