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水声景与人的感知研究
(俄)莫尔科夫基纳·,达莉雅,刘海龙*,许晓青
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作者简介:
摘要:
水声作为声景研究中的重要内容,需要从人的感知 偏好以及水声对人的情绪和心理影响等方面进行深入研究。基 于水声景研究的最新进展,采取“水声景感知”实验方法,选 取20种水声样本,使用语义差异法和七点双极量表,针对68 名被试者进行了水声景感知测试,分析了被试者对14种水声 和雨落在6种不同材料上发出声音的感知反应,得到了不同声 音的受欢迎程度,并对水声对于不同背景的人的情绪影响进行 了初步分析。研究结果可为水声景设计和康复景观设计提供一 定参考,有助于在噪声水平较高的环境中改善人的心理和感知 状态。
关键词:  风景园林  声景  水声景  人的感知  实验
DOI:
基金项目:
Research on Water Soundscape and People'sPerception
(Russia) Morkovkina Daria,Da LiYang,LIU Hailong,XU Xiaoqing
Abstract:
As the major target of soundscape research, water sound is deserved to be studied from the perspectives of people's perceptual preferences and its impact on human emotions and psychological effects. Based on recent development about water soundscape research, this paper took the approach of water soundscape perception testing and then obtained the results of the effects of water soundscape on human perception through experiments. Overall, 68 volunteers took part in the two parts of the research and 20 types of water samplings (14 water sounds and 6 rain sounds knocking different materials) were ranked from the least to the most pleasing acquired with a semantic-differential rating scale. The preliminary results about the way water sound affecting human emotions with different living backgrounds were also acquired. The conclusion of the study provides some reference for the design of water soundscape and rehabilitation landscape, which is helpful to improve people's psychological and perceptual state in the environment with high noise level.
Key words:  landscape architecture  soundscape  water soundscape  people's perception  experiment

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