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温州传统人居环境景观体系研究
任维,王向荣*
0
()
摘要:
中国具有山、水、田、城一体的国土景观,维护并 发展其景观多样性是多学科密切关注的重要课题。选取“山 水斗城”温州为研究对象,借助国土景观的研究方法,在简析 区域传统人居环境营建历程的基础上,从自然山水、水利建 设、农业生产与城乡营建4个方面进行了区域景观系统的分层 解析,归纳了包含总体格局与城邑景观2个尺度的传统人居环 境景观体系,完成了大规模工业化与城市化以前温州传统人居 环境及其景观体系的多层级、多尺度系统性研究。针对当下温 州城乡发展中的诸多问题,总结出区域传统人居智慧中保护为 先、择要修复、解译调适、古今相承四方面的启示。
关键词:  风景园林  传统人居环境  国土景观  保护与发 展  温州
DOI:
基金项目:
Research on the Landscape System of Wenzhou Traditional Human Settlements
REN Wei,WANG Xiangrong
()
Abstract:
: China has the territorial landscape integrating mountain, water, field and city. Maintaining and developing its landscape diversity is an important subject closely followed by multiple disciplines. This paper selects Wenzhou which is called "Shanshui Doucheng" (the Big Dipper-shaped landscape city) as the research object. Using the research methods of territorial landscape, this paper briefly analyzes the construction process of regional traditional human settlements, dissects the regional landscape system from the four aspects of natural landscape, water conservancy construction, agricultural production and urban-rural construction, summarizes the landscape system of traditional human settlements including the overall pattern and the city landscape. The multi-level and multiscale systematic research on Wenzhou traditional human settlements and its landscape system before large-scale industrialization and urbanization was completed. In view of the many problems in the current urban and rural development of Wenzhou, the enlightenment of regional traditional human settlements’ wisdom is protection first, restoring the important, interpretation and adjustment, and connecting the past and the present.
Key words:  landscape architecture  traditional human settlements  territorial landscape  protection and development  Wenzhou

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